Metatarsalgia:

Metatarsalgia is pain in the sole of the foot, specifically in the metatarsal area, which is the area near the toes. This pain is made worse by walking, running or wearing unsuitable footwears.

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Claw toes

“Claw toe” is a deformity that arises most frequently in toes, causing the metatarsophalangeal joints to stretch excessively, while the middle and outer joints bend.

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Corns and hard skin:

Corns and hard skin are toughened areas of the skin caused by repeated friction or pressure, due to deformities in the feet or the use of unsuitable footwear.

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Overlapping toes

Overlapping toes are toes that lie on top of each other due to small deformities, which may be congenital or down to the use of unsuitable footwear or a lack of proper protection for the feet.

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Friction or rubbing

When friction or rubbing occurs, usually caused by wearing unsuitable footwear, small superficial incidents of raised skin often appear on the feet.

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Bunions

Hallux valgus is a deformity of the big toe, which consists of a medial deviation or a tilting of the first metatarsal bone, leading to a lump known as a Bunion.

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Ingrown toenails

Ingrown toenails are nails on which the internal layer of skin is red and inflamed, due to the use of unsuitable footwear or a lack of proper protection for the feet.

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Diabetic foot

Diabetic foot affects people with diabetes, who are prone to suffering from diabetic neuropathy, leading to a lack of circulation and a loss of feeling in the limbs, including the feet.

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Heel spur

A heel spur is an ossification on the surface of the calcaneus bone of the heel, caused by the use of unsuitable footwear or a lack of proper protection for the feet.

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Plantar fasciitis

Plantar fasciitis is the inflammation of a ligament in the sole of the foot called the plantar fascia, which leads to pain in the heel.

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Venous insufficiency

Venous insufficiency is a condition in which veins have problems sending blood back from the legs to the heart. The factors that cause it are varied and include age, weight, diet, sedentary habits, etc.

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Leg muscle fatigue

Muscle fatigue is caused by the veins in your legs dilating (usually at times of year when it is very hot), which means the flow of blood back to the heart is affected, thus leading to a feeling of heaviness in the legs.

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Elbow injuries

Trauma, sprains, epicondylitis (tennis elbow) and muscle strain.

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Knee injuries

Trauma, sprains and muscle strain.

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Ankle injuries

Trauma, sprains, twists and muscle strain.

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Wrist injuries

Trauma, sprains, carpal tunnel and muscle strain.

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Back injuries

Trauma and lower back pain.

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Presbyopia

Presbyopia is caused when the lens of the eye loses some of its focusing capacity due to age, making it difficult to see close objects clearly.

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